Baffled By Baseload Dumbfounded By Dispatchables

Baffled By Baseload Dumbfounded By Dispatchables

The Australian energy market is a regular baseload feature in our daily news cycle. In the midst of the politics and endless ideologies swirling about the sector, technical terms like baseload power or dispatchable generation, often use so frequently that it is easy for the meaning to get lost in public discussion.

It is not clear whether energy crisis refers to prices or supply security. This is a terrible political situation that could have been avoid if all parties had paid consistent, principled attention over the past 20 years to energy policy.

It is worth clarifying the meanings of certain terms, and their relation to climate policies, new technologies, and the progress of market reform and regulation within Australia. This glossary is not exhaustive but is a good starting point.

Baseload Power

Baseload power is a term that refers to generation resources which are generally available throughout the year and produce consistent output levels. Because they are relatively inexpensive to run, baseload resources make economic sense. Baseload plants are primarily economic and can be adapt to meet the ever-changing system demand.

Baseload plants can be either coal-fired or gas-fired combine cycle power plants. Australia’s international commitment reduce carbon emissions is limiting the economic viability traditional baseload sources.

Wholesale market the National Energy Market

It is difficult to understand the term National Energy Market because it refers primarily to a market for wholesale energy mainly on the east coast of Australia. It does not include Western Australia and the Northern Territory, but it also includes the gas system. The National Energy Market permits all types of utility-scale energy resources to be connect to the transmission system in order to supply large-scale power needs.

Industry talk of the energy market and even the NEM, can refer to the entire supply chain, which includes networks for voltage transmission and distribution, as well as retailing to the consumer. All these elements are include in the price consumers see. This can lead to a lot of confusion.

Because there competition among generators, the wholesale market is called a market. Every generator sets daily price bids, to sell power, and adjusts quantities up to 10 times per minute. This ensures that the power sold is proportional to the energy available and the performance of the generating units.

To reduce the price of electricity, the market dispatches all available and dispatchable, resources efficiently. The National Energy Market is coordinate by the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO).

Wholesale Baseload Price

The wholesale spot price at which power can be trade in the NEM depends on the generator’s highest offer to balance demand and supply in each region. This is to encourage generator efficiency and coordinate efficient directing resources.


The term storage refers to energy that is store for future use, usually in a battery. Although electricity has always been costly to store, the price of storage will continue to drop with the advancement of battery technology. The first lithium-ion batteries were design for mobile communications and laptops, but are now being upgrade for electric vehicles and utility-scale storage.

Because of the low storage levels, electricity must be generate as soon as possible. Otherwise, stability can be at risk. As solar and wind power become more mainstream, storage technology will be more attractive. This will be easier to achieve with declining costs for various battery technologies.

Peak Demand And Demand

The amount of electricity need to meet current consumption levels is call demand. The rate of energy consumption in megawatts or millions of Watts is call power. Energy in megawatt-hours or MWh refers to total energy. Consumed over a given period of time, such as a month, year, or day.

Peak demand refers to the maximum energy consumption in one season (e.g. heating in winter and cooling in summer). This measure is vital because it determines the amount of generation. Qquipment needed to cover unexpected outages and maintain reliable supply.

Squid Game And The Untranslatable Debate Around Subtitles

Squid Game And The Untranslatable Debate Around Subtitles

Squid Game is a worldwide sensation. The nine-episode survival drama Squid Game has been a global hit since its debut. It is now poised to be the most-watched Netflix show ever.

There have been many debates about the quality of the English subtitle translation as the popularity of the Korean thriller grows, especially on social media. Many English-Korean bilinguals claim that the translation fails to reflect the clever dialogue, brilliant stories and compelling script. Some argue that you don’t have to watch the show in English if you haven’t.

Subtitling Can Be Difficult

I am an expert in English-Korean translations and interpreting. The ongoing debates over the English subtitles for Squid Game lack important elements.

Many people don’t know the difference between translating and interpreting. Translating simply means to translate written text from one language to another. Interpreting is the translation of spoken language.

Subtitling is a combination of translation and interpretation. A subtitler listens to the spoken language, just like an interpreter, and then converts it into written form for viewers.

Subtitling requires more than bilingual skills. It also requires specific skills to convey messages in a small space. Consider the famous quote from Bong Joon Ho, the Oscar-winning Parasite director:

You will soon able to see many more films once you have gotten past the barrier of subtitles that is one-inch tall.

Substituting is the job of a subtitler. They must find ways to compress messages into one-inch slots. Subtitling can be difficult, as you can see.

Subtitling made more difficult when cultural factors are involve. Many words and concepts that are specific to a culture can be hard to translate.

The untranslatable is a concept that exists across all cultures. Words such as aegyo, which are sometimes describe as perform extreme femininity, and jeong, which is sometimes describe as deep connection and emotional bond that builds over the years, are two examples of well-known concepts that don’t have a direct equivalent in another language. There are many ways to deal in literature translation with the untranslatable, such as footnotes and annotations.

These strategies are not applicable to subtitling because of space limitations. Managing culture-specific elements is the most difficult aspect of subtitling.

The Untranslatable Squid Game

Comparing the Korean language to the English subtitle translation for Squid Game, minor distortions and omissions are evident, but overall the quality of the translation is fine.

The English closed captions are the most controversial, and they are quite different to the subtitles available on Netflix. English captions marked English [CC], are meant for those who can’t hear audio. They include nonverbal descriptions like background music and sound effects. Closed captions have a shorter translation time than subtitles, and they are also more precise.

Despite the high quality of the English translation, there is still a meaning gap between the original Korean text and the English subtitles. This is due to the fact that the English text is not translate.

The most important aspect of the Squid Game untranslatable is hocing and honorifics, which Koreans use to refer to one another in conversation.

A Korean society known for its age-base hierarchy. People don’t call each other by their names unless they are close friends. The most popular honorific is hyeong(hyung), which means “older brother. This is a title that a younger brother uses when referring to his older brother. Non-family members can also use this expression to show mutual friendship.

Accountability Is Under Threat Urgently Reset The Balance

Accountability Is Under Threat Urgently Reset The Balance

All Australians have a stake on our nation’s governance Threat. There are many reasons to be concerned that the Morrison government is disregarding core principles of Australian democracy in its pursuit of electoral advantage.

Scott Morrison’s Australian government is the most blatant example of a disdainful attitude to accountability. There has never been a government that has fostered the culture of secrecy as much as the Prime Minister’s Office.

Journalists, experts, and practitioners are all familiar with the government’s disregard for checks and balances, resentment at scrutiny, and willingness to throw out long-standing conventions. This is also a common observation among former Coalition members. Malcolm Turnbull, former prime minister, describes a culture of entitlement and a culture that doesn’t hold government accountable in the government he claims he is deeply trouble.

Government Defied The Speaker Threat

This same culture was again display in parliament last week when the government define the Speaker and exclude the votes of independent crossbenchers in order to defeat a procedural motion to refer Christian Porter’s blind trust matter to the House of Representatives Privileges Committee.

Tony Smith had declared that there was a prima facie cause for the Committee’s investigation. But Labor claimed that Peter Dutton, Leader of Government in the House, opposed the Speaker’s ruling. This led to Coalition MPs mobilizing to vote.

Helen Haines, Member for Indi, stated that Dutton told her it would not be practical to count votes from independent crossbench members remotely. This is despite the fact that this has been a routine procedure in the Senate since September 2020.

Many documents have written about the Morrison government’s poor record in integrity matters. It has been accuse of rorting and misusing public funds through discretionary grant programs. It also refuses to answer questions from the media or meet reasonable expectations of accountability to parliament.

The parliament is, like the national Cabinet, a new venue to show Morrison’s courage, given his small majority and deep cracks in his government.

The Whatever It Takes Approach Gains Momentum

James Walter, a political scientist, argues that Morrison is a symbol threat of decades-long efforts to centralize and rule Australian politics. Morrison has strengthened and leveraged the institutional and personal power that the prime ministership holds, which includes a court of trusted loyalists as well as a large and influential PMO. It enforces discipline and controls the government, including the public sector.

Morrison’s PMO is known for backing rivals and punishing opponents. Former chief of staff Phil Gaetjens is accused of leading his department. That allowed the prime minister to avoid accountability and scrutiny.

Australia is not the only system of Westminster that is struggling with the growing power of its political executive. Similar concerns were raised in the United Kingdom about how unwritten conventions that are intended to guide political practice. Based on those who hold power exercising self-restraint and the long-term interest public, are sufficient to ensure proper standards of conduct and respect for constitutional norms.

A series of constitutional violations have occurred in the UK since the 2016 Brexit referendum. Andrew Blick and Peter Hennessy comment. The abuses have affected many of the major government organs, including the Cabinet, Civil Service, Parliament and the judiciary.

These revelations have raised questions about whether the good chap theory. That underpins British political tradition (and also informs Australia’s) is still a strong bulwark against an excessive executive

Britain and other systems of Westminster-style have been well serve by. The flexibility of an unwritten constitution that is based on restraint, mutual respect, and governing norms. Blick and Hennessy disagree.